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অধ্যয়ন প্রোটিনকে বয়সের সাথে সম্পর্কিত ম্যাকুলার অবক্ষয়ের সাথে ঘনিষ্ঠভাবে সংযুক্ত করে – মেডিকেল ডায়ালগগুলি
February 10, 2020
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February 10, 2020
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Translating…

The Economic Times

Stock Analysis, IPO, Mutual Funds, Bonds & More

    Epilepsy is one of the fourth most common neurological diseases, globally.

    ET CONTRIBUTORS|

    Last Updated: Feb 10, 2020, 03.50 PM IST

    iStock

    Epilepsy_iStock
    Don’t let the myths and misconceptions that surround epilepsy cause you concern and anxiety.
    Dr Sujit Kumar

    Epilepsy

    is a chronic non-communicable disease of the brain that affects around 60 million people worldwide. It is characterised by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement, involving a part of the body (partial) or the entire body. It is sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness and control of bowel or bladder function.

    It is one of the fourth most common neurological diseases, globally. In many parts of the world, people with epilepsy and their families suffer from stigma and discrimination. Hence, it is important to know the truth behind this condition.

    Don’t let the myths and misconceptions that surround epilepsy cause you concern and anxiety. If you get information from any source that quotes a neurologist and makes you uncomfortable, get a second opinion from a neurologist.

    On

    World Epilepsy Day

    , here’s a look at all the myths about the condition that need to be dispelled.

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    Epilepsy-seizure_iStock

    Epilepsy affects around 60 million people worldwide.

    Myth:

    Epilepsy is synonymous with mental disease.

    Fact:

    Epilepsy is a disorder, just like any other health problem. It should not be confused with mental illness.

    Myth:

    People with epilepsy cannot lead a normal life.

    Fact:

    People with epilepsy are completely normal between the episodes. With proper treatment and medication, 70 per cent of the cases can be cured, and the patients can lead a normal life. Every day, people with epilepsy are taking up demanding jobs, playing sports, and raising kids.

    Myth:

    People with epilepsy cannot marry, have children and lead a normal family life.

    Fact:

    People with epilepsy can marry, become pregnant, have children and a good family life.

    Myth:

    Epilepsy is contagious.

    Fact:

    In babies and children, epilepsy is more likely to be the result of genetic factors or injuries sustained just before or after birth. In adults, it’s more often brought on by head trauma, stroke, or brain tumour. But, epilepsy or seizures can’t be ‘caught’ from another person.

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    Epilepsy1_iStock

    Epilepsy is a chronic non-communicable disease.

    Myth:

    Epilepsy is caused by mysterious possession of evil spirits.

    Fact:

    Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain caused by an injury, infection, decreased blood supply and other causes, and has nothing to do with the supernatural.

    Myth:

    A key or piece of wood should be put in the mouth of the person having a

    seizure

    .

    Fact:

    Nothing should be put in the mouth of a person suffering from a seizure as it can cause choking. Trying to restrain a person can cause further injury as they may fight you in their state of confusion. In such a scenaio, turn the patient to the side, move anything sharp out of the way and place a soft cushion under the person’s head. Most seizures stop spontaneously within 1-2 minutes. Call for an ambulance immediately.

    Myth:

    Seizures and epilepsy are interchangeable words.

    Fact:

    Seizures and epilepsy are two different terms. A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterised by two or more unprovoked seizures due to chronic underlying conditions.

    (The author is Senior Consultant Neurologist and Epileptologist at Apollo Hospitals, Seshadripuram, Bangalore)

    Nipah Virus Symptoms: Abdominal Pain, Stiff Neck And Seizures

    Nipah Virus Signs

    24 May, 2018

    People are in a state of chaos as the ‘deadly’ Nipah virus (NiV) is slowly gripping the nation. On Tuesday, minutes before succumbing to the infection, a 28-year-old nurse Lini had shared an emotional letter with her husband, expressing the pain of not being able to see him one last time. She was exposed to the virus while treating affected patients in the Perambra Taluk Hospital, Kozhikode. While the moving note broke our hearts, it’s time we take this condition seriously and be extremely cautious about it. Here are the symptoms to watch out for. Also read: The complete Nipah Virus guide

    Asymptomatic Infection

    24 May, 2018

    NiV doesn’t show any symptoms when it first infects you. However, the incubation period is between 4 and 14 days from contracting the disease to the onset of symptoms. However, 45 days of incubation have also been reported in some case.

    Influenza-Like Symptoms

    24 May, 2018

    When the symptoms start showing, look out for the commons signs of influenza. The infection can start with fever, sore throat, throat irritation, throbbing headaches, abdominal pain, fainting, nausea, vomiting and pain in muscles (myalgia).

    Acute Respiratory Infection

    24 May, 2018

    The next things this virus affects is your breathing. Patients will experience mild to severe acute respiratory infection. Starting with wheezing and breathing difficulty, the symptoms lead to atypical pneumonia and other severe problems.

    Fatal Encephalitis

    24 May, 2018

    The next stage is fatal encephalitis. This life-threatening condition is a form of brain fever causing inflammation of tissues. Watch out for mild symptoms like fever, headache, vomiting, stiff neck, exhaustion, and severe signs like high fever, confusion, drowsiness, hallucinations, slower movements, coma (within 24-48 hours), seizures, irritability, sensitivity to light, unconsciousness and neurological problems. However, people can make full recovery after surviving acute encephalitis, but the experience long-term neurological conditions like seizures and personality changes. Currently, there is no vaccine or drug available for humans or animals. Hence, it is extremely important to follow the precautionary steps.

    Also Read

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    Brain abnormalities can predict epilepsy risk

    Type 1 diabetes may up risk of epilepsy

    Aurobindo gets USFDA nod for epilepsy, arthritis drugs

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