NEW DELHI: Unemployment rate in urban areas marginally declined to 9.3% during January-March this year as compared to 9.8% during April-June quarter of 2018. This is lowest in at least four quarters, according to the survey report of National Statistical Office (
However, the quarterly bulletin report of Periodic
does not provide comparable figure for the same quarter (January-March) in 2018. The survey also showed that of the total workforce, half were salaried or regular workers, 37.7% self-employed and the rest casual labourers.
According to the NSO, urban unemployment rate was 9.8% in April-June 2018, 9.7% in July-September quarter and 9.9% in October-December 2018. The government had brought out the first quarterly bulletin for the quarter ending December 2018 in May this year. This is the second bulletin in the series.
An official release said unemployment rate in urban areas among males was at 8.7% during January-March 2019 as compared to 9% during April-June quarter in 2018. Similarly rate of
among women in urban areas was estimated at 11.6% during January-March 2019 as compared to 12.8% during April-June last year.
In May this year, government data had shown that unemployment in the country was 6.1% of total labour force during 2017-18, the highest in 45 years.
The fresh survey report claimed that the overall labour force participation rate (LFPR) was around 36% in urban areas during January-March as compared to 35.6% during April- June 2018. The LFPR was 36.1% in July-September and 36.3% in October-December last year. The LFPR for men was estimated to be 56.2%, while for women it was at 15% in the urban areas during the January-March 2019.
The LFPR is defined as the percentage of population in the labour-force. Labour-force according to current weekly status (CWS) is the number of persons either employed or unemployed on an average in a week of 7 days preceding the date of survey.